Critical Thinking: Developing an Effective Worldview
This is a text intended for use by undergraduates in critical thinking classes, and for lay readers who want to learn that subject. In the first part of the text, basic logical concepts are covered. These include statements, questions, answers, single arguments, multiple arguments, and the distinction between validity and inductive strength. In the second part of the text, the basic criteria for an effective world view are discussed. These include: clarity and various pitfalls of language; definition; relevance; consistency (including truth tables and Venn diagrams); observation, memory and testimony; generalization and instantiation; analogical reasoning; causal reasoning; and explanation. The third part of the book includes applications, such as the nature of decision making, sales trickery, and political trickery. The book has numerous exercises. All even -numbered exercises are answered in the back of the text. The text also has an extensive glossary.
From Gary Jason, a published author and writer who has published several books and roughly 600 academic and trade articles, book and movie reviews, and opinion editorials, comes Dangerous Thoughts, a collection of his most popular and provocative articles from newspapers and political magazines, nearly 300 in all.
This book contains the author's most trenchant essays, some of which were published as far back as the 1970s but most of which are of recent vintage. It is divided into eight chapters representing broad topics, through which readers can explore: school reform and the critical need for school choice; environmentalism and its negative impact on rational energy policy; demographic change and the continuing need for immigration (legal, and within reasonable limits); the continuing need for free trade; the need for entitlement reform; the need for political reforms aimed at reducing the size of government; the need for free market economic reforms; and the struggle between intellectual elites and ordinary citizens. The concluding chapter gathers together miscellaneous pieces which provide further information and insight.